The set of rules agreed upon at COP24 provides a solid basis for the global implementation of the objectives agreed upon in Paris. It determines the legal and technical details for measuring national CO2 emissions, as well as transparency and comparability of the data. It therefore provides the basis for how parties must design their announced reductions (NDCs) to achieve the global 2° and 1.5° targets, respectively. The results of the Talanoa Dialogue unmistakenly showed that the measures proposed by governments are far from sufficient to limit global warming to 1.5°. The IPCC Special Report published shortly before the Climate Conference, which once again showed the public the devastating consequences of a 1.5° warming, did not change anything. In short, Katowice made it clear that in order to avert the climate crisis it is now important that all states show significantly more political will to implement the Paris Agreement swiftly.
In the future it will therefore continue to be necessary to adhere to an open, inclusive and participatory approach such as the Talanoa Dialogue, providing the various actors below the national governments the opportunity to shape their reduction contributions (NDCs) more ambitiously. The importance of local authorities for effective climate protection has thus been increased even further in Katowice.